About Chhattisgarh

About Chhattisgarh
Author : Admin
Date : 08 Jun 2023

Chhattisgarh, located in central India, is a vibrant and culturally rich state which boasts a fascinating blend of historical aspects, tradition, as well as natural beauty. Chhattisgarh came into existence on November 1, 2000, with Raipur as its capital. Nestled amidst the Vidhyanchal and Satpura mountain ranges, this state shares its borders with Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand.

With its rich heritage, delicious cuisine, vibrant festivals, and breathtaking landscapes, this state offers a captivating experience to its travelers and also a promising future for all its residents.

Climate of Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh witnesses a tropical monsoon climate which is characterized by hot summers, moderate winters as well as ample rainfall. Let’s have a month-wise look at the weather conditions in Chhattisgarh:

Summer (March to June)
Summers in Chhattisgarh are quite hot and dry with temperatures often soaring above 40 degrees Celsius. The heat waves are particularly intense in the central and western parts of the state.

Indigenous Communities: Chhattisgarh is home to several major tribes, including Gond, Baiga, Korba, Oraon, Maria, Bisonhorn Maria, Muria, and Halba. Each tribe has its own customs, beliefs, and social structures, contributing to the cultural diversity of the state.

Tribal Art and Craft: Chhattisgarh is renowned for its exquisite tribal art and craft forms. The tribes are skilled artisans and create beautiful handicrafts, paintings, sculptures, and textiles. Notable art forms include Pithora paintings, bell metal crafts, terracotta work, wood carving, and bamboo crafts.

Traditional Music and Dance: Music and dance play a vital role in tribal rituals, ceremonies, and festivals. The tribes have their unique musical instruments like the mandar, khadtaal, bansuri, and madal. Traditional dance forms such as Pandwani, Karma, Raut Nacha, Gaur Maria, Saila, and Panthi are performed on various occasions, depicting tribal mythology, stories, and cultural expressions.

Monsoon (July to September)
As soon as the monsoon season enters Chhattisgarh, it brings relief from the intense heatwave as the Southwest monsoon winds from the Arabian Sea bring widespread rainfall to the region. Chhattisgarh receives a significant amount of precipitation during this period.

Post-monsoon (October to November)
Following the monsoon, Chhattisgarh even experiences a transition period which is termed by sporadic rainfall and gradual decreases in temperature. During this period, the temperature becomes pleasant, evenings become more relaxed and mornings become more satisfying.

Winter (December to February)
Winters in Chhattisgarh are mild and relatively dry as compared to other states. The northern parts of the state experience cooler temperatures as compared to the southern part. These months are ideal for exploring the outdoor activities of the state.

Tribal Culture and Traditions
Here are some key aspects of tribal culture in Chhattisgarh:

Historical Landmarks and Heritage Sites
Here are some notable historical landmarks and heritage sites in Chhattisgarh:

Sirpur: Located near Raipur, Sirpur is an ancient city with a glorious past. It was once a prominent center of Buddhism and is renowned for its archaeological ruins. The site features the Laxman Temple, Gandheshwar Temple, and several Buddhist monasteries and stupas, offering insights into the region's cultural and religious history.

Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary: This sanctuary, situated in the Mahasamund district, is not only known for its diverse flora and fauna but also for its historical significance. It houses several ancient Buddhist and Jain rock-cut caves and sculptures, reflecting the presence of these religions in the region during ancient times.

Rajim: Known as the "Prayag of Chhattisgarh," Rajim is a small town located on the banks of the Mahanadi River. It is renowned for its cluster of ancient temples, including the Rajivalochana Temple, Rajeshwari Temple, and Champakeshwar Temple. The town is also famous for hosting the Rajim Kumbh Mela, a significant religious festival.

Ecotourism and Natural Attractions
Here are some notable ecotourism destinations and natural attractions in Chhattisgarh:

Kanger Valley National Park: Situated near Jagdalpur, Kanger Valley National Park is a biodiverse haven that showcases the region's rich flora and fauna. The park is known for its dense forests, caves (such as the Kutumsar and Dandak Caves), and enchanting waterfalls. It is home to various wildlife species, including tigers, leopards, bison, deer, and a variety of bird species.

Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary: Located in the Bilaspur district, Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary is a haven for wildlife enthusiasts. The sanctuary is known for its dense forests, rolling hills, and picturesque landscapes. It is home to diverse wildlife, including tigers, leopards, elephants, sloth bears, and many bird species.

Chitrakote Falls: Chhattisgarh's crown jewel, Chitrakote Falls, is one of the widest waterfalls in India. Located in Bastar, it cascades down a horseshoe-shaped gorge, creating a spectacular sight. The falls are surrounded by lush greenery and offer a mesmerizing experience for visitors.

Festivals and Cuisine


Bastar Dussehra: Bastar Dussehra is a unique and grand celebration that lasts for 75 days, making it one of the longest festivals in India. It showcases the rich tribal culture of the region with elaborate processions, traditional dances, music performances, and the iconic "Rath Yatra" (chariot procession) of Lord Jagannath in Jagdalpur.

Rajim Kumbh Mela: Held in Rajim, this religious festival is celebrated with great fervor and attracts thousands of devotees. It is a significant gathering of people who take holy dips in the confluence of three rivers - Mahanadi, Pairi, and Sondur, believed to be sacred. The festival also features cultural performances, religious rituals, and vibrant fairs.


Dal Bafle: Dal Bafle is a popular dish in Chhattisgarh and is considered a staple food. It consists of steamed or baked wheat dumplings (bafle) served with a flavorful lentil curry (dal), along with spicy chutney and ghee. It is a delicious and fulfilling dish that is enjoyed by locals and visitors alike.

Chila: Chila is a savory pancake made from fermented rice and lentil batter. It is a popular breakfast item and is often served with chutney or curry. Chhattisgarhi chila has a unique flavor and is known for its soft and fluffy texture.

Nature lovers will find solace in Chhattisgarh's abundant natural attractions, including national parks, waterfalls, wildlife sanctuaries, and scenic landscapes. The state's ecotourism destinations provide opportunities for wildlife spotting, birdwatching, trekking, and exploring the pristine beauty of its forests and rivers.

Whether it's delving into the tribal culture, exploring historical landmarks, embracing nature, participating in vibrant festivals, or relishing the local cuisine, Chhattisgarh promises an enriching and unforgettable experience for all who visit.


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